Not totally all product that has been taped had been coded. As our focus had been on scripted programming, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and activities, and paid programming, along with all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for community programs). Although music videos had been taped, these were coded and analyzed individually because of their unique traits and tend to be maybe not reported right right here. The analyses provided in this paper, nonetheless, do through the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs.
In addition, demonstrates that had been incomplete since they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique program episodes, whereas the last test when it comes to 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis ended up being significantly bigger than the initial 12 months’s test once we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to make sure that we had three episodes of each and every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence to your sampling plan, extra taping ended up being needed whenever, as an example, brand brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled shows or if the time and time slot for a string ended up being changed.
The codebook for the bigger research ended up being based considerably from the variables produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) inside their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation.
We created extra products, including those on exact same intercourse intimate behavior and sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and colleagues, whom utilized the scene due to the fact main unit of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ significantly in total and, therefore, usually do not offer a continuing product of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard centered on time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized often by other scientists conducting content analyses across different system genres including movies, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes of the content analysis, intercourse ended up being understood to be any depiction of sexual intercourse, sexually suggestive behavior, or any mention sex or sexual intercourse. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about sex were differentiated from nonsexual communications pertaining to romance and relationships, that have been perhaps not coded. For instance, a declaration such as вЂњI adore my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made want to my boyfriendвЂќ will be coded.
exact Same intercourse behavior that is sexual
Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing a minumum of one form of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse implied, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 had been additionally examined for the existence of exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period took place between two different people regarding the sex that is same.
Explore nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas
Each 2 interval that is minute was indeed coded as containing one or more example of talk through bear gay sex the intimate talk groups found in the primary coding task ( e.g., feedback about own/others’ sexual actions or passions, speak about sexual activity who has currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Because of this item, programmers again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the sexual passions or concerns of nonheterosexual people. Most frequently, such remarks linked to gays and lesbians, although sporadically these people were connected with bisexuals.