Overview – HIV and AIDS. While AIDS can not be sent from 1 individual to some other, the HIV virus can.

HIV (individual immunodeficiency virus) is just a virus that damages the cells in your defense mechanisms and weakens your capability to fight everyday infections and infection.

AIDS (acquired resistant deficiency problem) may be the title utilized to describe a quantity of potentially life-threatening infections and conditions that take place when your disease fighting capability happens to be seriously harmed by the HIV virus.

There is presently no cure for HIV, but you will find helpful prescription drugs that permit a lot of people using the virus to call home a lengthy and healthier life.

With an early on diagnosis and effective remedies, a lot of people with HIV will likely not develop any AIDS-related health problems and can live a near-normal lifespan.

Have the flu vaccine. Flu can be extremely serious when you yourself have HIV.

Ask for the flu jab that is free at

  • your GP surgery
  • an area pharmacy that has a flu vaccine solution

Outward indications of HIV illness

A lot of people encounter a brief flu-like infection 2 to 6 months after HIV illness, which can last for a week or 2.

After these signs disappear, HIV may well not cause any outward symptoms for quite some time, even though the virus will continue to harm your disease fighting capability.

What this means is lots of people with HIV don’t know they are contaminated.

Whoever believes they might have HIV should get tested.

Many people are encouraged to have regular tests while they’re at specially risky. Read more about who’s many susceptible to HIV.

Reasons for HIV disease

HIV can be found in your body liquids of an contaminated individual. This can include semen, vaginal and anal liquids, bloodstream and breast milk.

It is a virus that is fragile will not endure away from human body for very long.

HIV is not sent through perspiration, urine or saliva.

The most typical method of getting HIV in britain is by having anal or sex that is vaginal a condom.

Alternative methods of having HIV consist of:

  • sharing needles, syringes or any other injecting gear
  • transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy, breastfeeding or birth

The possibility of having HIV through dental intercourse is extremely low and will also be determined by several things, such as for example whether you receive or give dental intercourse additionally the dental hygiene of the individual offering the dental sex.

Diagnosing HIV

Look for medical advice at the earliest opportunity you might have been exposed to HIV if you think.

You will get tested in many different places, including at a GP surgery, intimate wellness clinics and clinics run by charities.

The way that is only determine if you’ve got HIV is always to have an HIV test. This calls for testing an example of the bloodstream or saliva for signs and symptoms associated with the disease.

You need to know that:

  • crisis anti-HIV medicine called post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) may stop you becoming contaminated if started within 72 hours of feasible contact with the herpes virus – it really is suggested which you begin it as quickly as possible, preferably in 24 hours or less
  • An diagnosis that is early you could begin therapy sooner, which could boost your likelihood of managing the herpes virus, lessen the chance of getting more unwell and minimize the possibility of moving the herpes virus on to other people

Both good and negative HIV tests could need to be duplicated 1 to a couple of months after prospective contact with HIV infection (this is certainly referred to as screen duration), you must not wait this long to get assistance:

  • clinics may provide a little finger prick bloodstream test, which could offer you an outcome in moments, nonetheless it usually takes as much as several days to obtain the outcomes of an even more HIV test that is detailed
  • house evaluating or house sampling kits can be obtained to get online or from pharmacies – according to the sort of test you employ, your outcome would be for sale in a couple of minutes or even a days that are few

A further blood test will need to be carried out to confirm the result if your first test suggests you have HIV.

If this is good, you’re going to be known a specialist HIV hospital for a few more tests and a conversation regarding your treatment plans.

Treatment plan for HIV

Antiretroviral medications are acclimatized to treat HIV. It works by stopping herpes replicating in your body, permitting the immunity system to correct itself and preventing further harm.

These are available in the type of pills, which should be taken each day.

HIV has the capacity to develop opposition to A hiv that is single quite easily, but using a mixture of various medications makes anywhere near this much more unlikely.

A lot of people with HIV just simply simply take a variety of medications. it’s important they are taken every as recommended by your doctor day.

The aim of HIV therapy is to possess an invisible load that is viral. This implies the known degree of HIV virus within you is low adequate never to be detected with a test.

Coping with HIV

If you are coping with HIV, using effective HIV therapy and being invisible considerably cuts back your danger of moving HIV on to other people.

You can also be motivated to:

  • Take exercise that is regular
  • consume a healthy eating plan
  • give up smoking
  • have actually annual flu jabs to minimise the possibility of getting illnesses that are serious

With no treatment, the immune protection system will become seriously damaged, and lethal ailments such as for instance cancer tumors and serious infections can happen.

It is uncommon for the expecting girl coping with HIV to send it to her infant, supplied she gets prompt and effective HIV therapy and health care.

Preventing HIV

Those who have intercourse without having a condom or stocks needles are at chance of HIV disease.

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There are lots of effective techniques to avoid or lower the threat of HIV illness, including:

  • employing a condom for intercourse
  • post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)
  • pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)
  • treatment plan for HIV to lessen the load that is viral invisible
  • by using medications, never ever sharing needles or any other injecting gear, including syringes, spoons and swabs

Get hold of your regional intimate wellness center or perhaps a GP for further advice concerning the way that is best to cut back your danger.

For those who have HIV, when you have been using effective HIV therapy along with your viral load happens to be invisible for a few months or maybe more, it indicates you simply can’t pass the herpes virus on through intercourse.

This might be called undetectable=untransmittable (U=U).

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